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2019中考英语专项训练:介词的应用与解析!附答案!

中考资讯 来源:网络 编辑:小蜜蜂 2019-05-26 16:54:21 浏览:

  介词是英语中一个庞大的群体,这些词就像汉语中的“的、地、得”一样,应用非常的广泛,但是每一个的用法却是千差万别的。中考中常见的介词其实并不是很多,但是想要讲这些简单的介词运用的恰如其分却是有难度的。在日常的练习中,可能同学们对于英语中的一些名词的辨析和动词的人称的应用练习的比较多,下面小编为各位中考生整理了一些非常关键的介词的练习,在这些练习中,大家在做之前先仔细的思考,然后在看看自己是否选择正确,在思考自己的知识掌握的程度。一起来看看吧!

2019中考英语专项训练:介词的应用与解析!附答案!

  一、选择填空:

  1.Mrs. Brown came to China ____ 1996.

  A.from B.of C.to D.in

  2.The room was full ____ smoke after the big fire.

  A.of B.with C.in D.for

  3.Here are some presents ____ you ____ our best wishes.

  A.to; with B.for; with C.of; about D.for; for

  4.Both Mr Green and Mrs Green were born ____ June, 1956.

  A.in B.at C.on D.for

  5.The little boy is always interested ____ science.

  A.with B.by C.in D.at

  6.Li Lei often gets up ____ seven o'clock on Sundays.

  A.on B.in C.at D.for

  7.They arrived early ____ a Tuesday morning.

  A.on B.at C.in D.of

  8.Macao(澳门)will return to our motherland ____ December 20th, 1999.

  A.on B.at C.in D.for

  9.----When were you born? ----I was born ____ August 25, 1983.

  A.on B.in C.at D.to

  10.Let me show you the place ____ the map.

  A.with B.on C.in

  11.John knows ____ a computer.

  A.how to use B.how use  C.how uses

  12.The visitors ____ Japan arrived ____ Beijing Station last Tuesday morning.

  A.from; at B.of; to C.from; to D.of; on

  13.The teacher will be back ____ an hour.

  A.in B.after C.on

  14.This programme was sent to the USA ____ China ____ satellite.

  A.in; of B.of; in C.from; by D.by; from

  15.It's cold outside. Please your warm clothes.

  A. put in B. take off C. put on D. put up

  16.He got many gifts his birthday his friends.

  A. on, from B. in, of C. at, to D. from, for

  17.The classroom is quite different that one.

  A. of B. from C. with D. like

  18.Look, you'll see a bridge the river.

  A. on B. above C. over D. in

  19.–Your coat looks nice, Is It cotton? -Yes. It's Shanghai.

  A. made of, made by  B. made of, made in

  C. made for, made in D. made from made by

  20.Tow may fall the others because he has missed so many lessons.

  A. after B. behind C. later D. out of

  二、用适当的介词填空

  1.What's wrong ____ your watch?

  2.One ____ the students is in the classroom.

  3.I think the shop is closed ____ this time of day.

  4.My father teaches English ____ a school.

  5.We have lunch ____ the middle of the day.

  6.You can buy some school things ____ your way home.

  7.I was born ____ July 1, 1982.

  8.May I borrow a pencil ____ you?

  9.Don't sleep ____ the open air.

  10.I often help my mother ____ _ the housework.

  11.It's time ____ school.

  12.I have quite a lot ____ homework to do.

  13.What's the time? It's half ____ seven.

  14.Ducks are good ____ swimming.

  15.What are you talking ____ ?

  16.He is sitting ____ the front of the car.

  17.The eraser was passed ____ one student ____ another.

  18.Did you live ____ Beijing in 1997?

  19.When did you arrive ____ the village?

  20.I think Mary is ____ duty today.

  21.Eating too much isn't good ____ your health.

  22.I'm afraid he is ____ the cinema ____ the moment.

  23.Thanks ____ asking me to your party.

  24.My watch is very different ____ yours.

  25.What's the weather ____ today?

  26.The student is asking his teacher ____ the sports meeting.

  27.The farmers are all getting ready ____ the next year.

  28.The radio says the wind will stop later ____ the day.

  29.Let's go out ____ a walk, shall we?

  30.Tom, your mother is waiting ____ you.

  31.We have noodles for lunch for lunch ____ times.

  32.Harerbin is ____ the north of China.

  33.The day ____ tomorrow will be windy.

  34.Don't worry ____ your test.

  35.I don't know which is the way ____ the park.

  36.An old woman is ____ the side of the road.

  37.____ the end of the road you'll see the hospital

  38.He left Tokyo ____ a visit ____ Beijing.

  39.Don't laugh ____ other people's mistakes.

  40.He did this instead ____ me.

  41.The people here are very friendly ____ us.

  42.Does he learn English ____ himself?

  43.I felt a little afraid ____ my teacher.

  44.I'm afraid he'll fall ____ the bike.

  45.Help yourselves ____ some fish, Lily and Lucy.

  46.____ these words he left the classroom.

  47.It was a pleasure ____ me.

  48.I'm sorry I'm late ____ the meeting.

  49.Study hard, or you won't catch up ____ your classmates.

  50.Not far ____ him was Lin Tao.Lin Tao ran fast, too.

  51.Mr Wu is going to tell us the result ____ once.

  52.He goes to school early ____ usual.

  53.It's another way ____ saying fast.

  54.I'm sorry he doesn't agree ____ me.

  55.He prefers playing football ____ playing basketball.

  56.What do you mean ____ baozhi?

  57.Don't play ____ fire.It's dangerous.

  58.He didn't go ____ bed until twelve o'clock.

  59.My teacher was angry ____ me.

  60.Someone is knocking ____ the door.

  61.Have you heard ____ Jim yet?

  62.If you break the window, you'll have to pay ____ it.

  63.I'm sorry.I won't talk to others in class ____ now on.

  64.What have you done ____ the milk?

  65.The students walked ____ the gates with Uncle Wang.

  66.Are you ____ trouble, Jim?

  67.My mother is ill.I have to send ____ the doctor.

  68.The doctor operated ____ my mother at once.

  69.The glass is full ____ milk.

  70.I saw him ____ the crowd.

  71.There are a group of sheep ____ the foot of the hill.

  72.We are twins.People often mistake us ____ each other.

  73.The knife is made ____ metal and wood.

  74.Ships can travel ____ the world.

  75.He watched me ____ surprise.

  76.Choose my subject.Something about English, ____ example.

  77.Tie the horse ____ the tree.

  78.Nothing can stop us ____ studying hard.

  79.____ Mr Wang's help, I have passed the exam.

  80.Please cut the metal ____ some pieces.

  81.I feel ____ going for a walk.

  82.We can finish the work ____ a week.

  83.Are you interested ____ the film Titanic?

  84.Hundreds ____ years ago, there was a village here.

  85.What ____ earth can you see?

  86.When did you join us ____ the game?

  三、选用框内介词填空

  across, in, by, on, till, for, over, with, under, into, to, at, of

  1.The boat is passing the bridge.

  2.They worked from morning   night.

  3.There is a bridge   the river.

  4.The girls were swimming    the river at that time.

  5.The boys jumped the lake.

  6.Will you please help me  my English?

  7.The children often play    the playground.

  8.The girl is good     the computer.

  9.You'd better make the best use    your time.

  10.I met my headmaster   my way    school.

  11.I often go to school    bike.

  12.We have studied English   several years.

  答    案

  一、

  1.D.在年代前面用介同in。

  2.A.full of是一个短语,意为“充满……”。

  3.B.给“谁”的礼物,用介词for,with表示“带(着)”。

  4.A.在年、月名称前用介词in,而在日期前则用on。

  5.C.be/get/become interested in 对……感兴趣。

  6.C.在“几点钟”,用at。

  7.A.在“早、午、晚”前面,用介词in,但在具体某一天的“早、午、晚”前则用on。

  8.A.

  9.A.在日期前用介词on。

  10.B.注意:on the map,on the paper,in the newspaper,in the book,这些短语中用不同的介词。

  11.A.teach,tell,ask,learn等动词后可接“疑问词+to不定式”结构作宾语。

  12.A.第一空填from表示“来自”;第二空填at是因为后面的名词中心词是station。

  13.A.in后面接表示一段时间的短语,用在一般将来时态中,表示“多长时间以后”。

  14.C.from表示“从……”,by satellite通过卫星。

  15.从句意理解,意为穿上暖和的衣服,应选 C。

  16.具体某一天用介词 on,从朋友处得到礼物用from,故应选A。

  17.be different from为固定搭配,应选B。

  18.on表示河面上,above表示河上方,in表示河里,而over表示桥跨两岸,故应选C。

  19.衣服看出原料用 be made of,在哪里制造用be made in,故应选B。

  20.意为他可能落后于其他人,落后为 fall behind,应选B。

  二

  1.with.What’s wrong with sb./sth.?某人/某物怎么啦?

  2.of.one of… ……之一。此句的主语是one,of短语作定语。

  3.at.at this time of day 在一天当中的这个时候。

  4.at.at a(the)school在学校;at school在校读书。

  5.in.in the middle of 在……(时间、地点的)中间。

  6.on.on one's way(home)在某人(回家)的路上,way后面常接“to+名词短语”,表示……在去……的路上,因此句中的home是副词,故其前不加to。

  7.on

  8.from.borrow…from从(某人或某处)借(入)某物。比较 lend sth.to sb.把某物借(出)给某人。

  9.in.in the open air“在野外/露天”,也可说成 in the open。

  10.with.help sb.with.sth.帮助某人做某事。

  11.for.注意 time的两种句型:It’s time for…(名词)。 It’stime to do sth.两个短语的意思都是:“该做某事了。”或“做某事的时间到了。”

  12.of.a lot of “许多”。该短语既可修饰可数名词,也可修饰不可数名词。此短语也可说成 lost of(多用于书面语)。

  13.past.past意为“过……(多少时间)”。

  14.at.be good at擅长……。

  15.about.talk about 谈论,talk to 和……交谈。

  16.in.in the front of……(物体内部)的前面。比较 in front of 在……(物体外部)的前面。

  17.from;to.from one to another从一个到另一个。

  18.in.在较大的地名前用介词in。

  19.at.到达小地方用介词at。

  20.on.on duty值班、值日。

  21.for,be good/bad for表示客观事物对某人如何,所以其它主语多为something或动名词。be good/kind/friendly/bad to 多指某人对某人如何,其主语多为somebody。

  22.at; at.at the cinema 在电影院,at the moment 此刻、现在。

  23.for.Thanks(Thank you)for(doing)sth.谢谢你(做某事)。

  24.from.different from…与…不同。

  25.like.like意为“象……”。

  26.to.ask sb.to sth.邀请某人参加某项活动。

  27.for.get ready for为……准备。

  28.in.in the day在白天,也中说成 in the daytime。

  29.for.go out for a walk出去散步。

  30.for.wait for等待。

  31.at.at times有时,间或。

  32.in.in the north of 在……(内部的)北部。

  33.after.the day after tomorrow后天。

  34.about.worry about为……担心。

  35.to.50.at 51.At。at the end在……的末端,末尾。

  36.for;to.for a visit中的for表目的;a visit to…表“参观

  37.at.laugh at嘲笑。

  38.of.instead of代替。

  39.to.56.by oneself。由自己。

  40.of.feel afraid of感到害怕……,be afraid of害怕……。

  41.off.fall off从……上摔下来。

  42.to.help oneself to sth.随便吃/用/拿某物。

  43.With.With these words说完这些话。

  44.for.表示“(客观上)对……来说”。

  45.for.be late for(做某事)迟到了。

  46.with.catch up with 赶上。

  47.behind.表示Lin Tao在he的后面。此处用behind强调前后位置。far后面还可接介词from,表示“远离”。

  48.at.at once立即。

  49.as.as usual象往常一样。

  50.of.way of doing sth.做某事的方法。way后面还可接to不定式做定语。

  51.with.agree with同意某人的看法。

  52.to.prefer(doing)sth.to(doing)sth.喜欢……胜过喜欢

  53.by.What do you mean by…?你(那么)说是什么意思?

  54.with.play with 玩弄……

  55.to

  56.with.be angry with 生某人的气。

  57.at.knock at(on)敲。

  58.from.hear from收到某人的来信。

  59.for.pay for付……的钱。此处作“赔偿”讲。

  60.from.from now on从今往后。

  61.with.do with处理、对付。

  62.through

  63.in.in trouble陷入困境。

  64.for.send for派人去请。

  65.on.operate on给……做手术。

  66.of

  67.among.among the crowd在人群中

  68.at.at the foot of在……脚下

  69.for.mistake…for…把……错当成……。

  70.of.be made of由……制成(看得见原材料)。比较 be madefrom 由……制成(看不见原材料)。

  71.around.around the world全世界。

  72.in.in.surprise惊奇地。

  73.for.for example“例如”。可置于句首、句中或句尾,只举出一个例子。

  74.to.tie…to…把……绑在……上。

  75.from.stop sb.from doing sth.阻止某人做某事。

  76.With.with one’s help在……的帮助下。

  77.into.cut…into pieces把……切成碎片。

  78.like.feel like(doing)sth.想要(做)某物(事)。

  79.in.in前面用can之类的情态动词,in表示“在……(多长时间)之内”;in与一般将来时连用,表示“在……(多长时间)之后。”

  80.in

  81.of.hundreds of数以百计的。

  82.on.此处意为“到底、究竟”,用在疑问词后。on earth还可指“在世界上、在人世间”。

  83.in.join sb.in sth.参加某人的活动。

  三、under  till  over  across  into  with  in/on at  of  on   to  by  for

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